GOLDMARK

GOLDMARK, Viennese and U.S. family. JOSEPH GOLDMARK (1819–1881), Austrian revolutionary leader and U.S. physician and chemist, was born in the province of Warsaw. He studied at Vienna University (1838), entered medical school in 1840, and took a research post in chemistry in 1845. When revolution broke out in Vienna in 1848 Goldmark was a hospital intern. He enlisted in the Academic Legion, became president of the Students Union, and was elected to the Reichstag. Accused of complicity in the murder of Minister of War Latour (for which he was later sentenced to death in absentia), Goldmark fled the country, and in 1850 left France for New York. In 1868 he was acquitted after voluntarily returning to Austria to stand trial on the murder charge. Goldmark first practiced as a physician in New York but achieved greater prominence through the practical application of his knowledge of chemistry. In 1857 he took out a patent for manufacturing mercury compound, and in 1859 he established a highly successful factory for making percussion caps and cartridges. Of his ten children, one married louis d. brandeis and another felix adler . A third daughter, PAULINE GOLDMARK (1874–1962), was a well-known social worker and served as secretary of the national and New York consumer leagues. A son, HENRY GOLDMARK (1857–1941), was a civil engineer engaged in railroad construction, and was the designer of the locks for the Panama Canal. The composer karl goldmark was a half brother of Joseph Goldmark. RUBIN GOLDMARK (1872–1936),   U.S. musician, nephew of Karl Goldmark, was born in New York. Moving to Colorado for reasons of health, he directed the Conservatory of Music at Colorado College from 1895 to 1901. From 1902 he lived in New York, teaching piano and harmony and giving numerous lecture recitals throughout the United States and Canada. In 1911 he became director of the department of theory of the New York College of Music, and in 1924 head of the department of composition of the Juilliard Graduate School. While Goldmark was known in his day as a composer (in 1910 his piano quartet won the Paderewski Chamber Music Prize), his influence as a teacher was more considerable. His pupils included aaron copland , george gershwin , and efrem zimbalist , and he was highly respected for his intellectual honesty, artistic integrity, and broad general culture. In 1956 City College, New York, named its music building in his honor. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Goldmark, Pilgrims of '48 (1930); New York Times (March 7, 1936); DAB, 22 (1958), 249–50; Grove, Dict, 3 (19545), 699–701; MGG, 5 (1956), 481–5; O. Thompson (ed.), Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians (19567), 682–3; Baker, Biog Dict (19585), 583–4.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Goldmark — can refer to:*German Goldmark, coinage of the German Empire *Karl Goldmark (Hungarian: Károly Goldmark ), composer *Rubin Goldmark, composer *Peter Carl Goldmark, scientist and inventor …   Wikipedia

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  • Goldmark — Goldmark, Karl, Komponist, geb. 18. Mai 1832 zu Keszthely in Ungarn, bildete sich von 1844 an in Wien unter Jansas Leitung und 184748 am Konservatorium und trat 1857 in einem eignen Konzert mit einer Anzahl beifällig aufgenommener Arbeiten (unter …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Goldmark — Goldmark, Karl, Komponist, geb. 18. Mai 1830 zu Keszthely (Ungarn), lebt in Wien; schrieb Opern (»Königin von Saba«, »Das Heimchen am Herd«, »Götz von Berlichingen«), Sinfonien, Ouvertüren (»Sakuntala«) etc …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Goldmark — ℳ Das Mark Zeichen, ein M in lateinischer Schreibschrift 1 Mark von 1875 in Silber Die Mark (Mk oder ℳ, M in lateinischer Schreibschri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Goldmark — Gọld|mark 〈f.; , 〉 der Mark der Vorkriegszeit entsprechende, feste Rechnungseinheit in der Inflation * * * Gọld|mark, die: Rechnungseinheit während der Inflation (nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg). * * * I Goldmark,   allgemeiner Ausdruck für die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Goldmark — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Goldmark (homonymie). Pièce de monnaie de 5 goldmark (1877) Le goldmark (officiellement mark) était la monnaie utilisée dans l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Goldmark — noun United States inventor (born in Hungary) who made the first TV broadcast in 1940 and invented the long playing record in 1948 and pioneered videocassette recording (1906 1977) • Syn: ↑Peter Goldmark, ↑Peter Carl Goldmark • Instance Hypernyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Goldmark — /gohld mahrk /, n. Karl /kahrl/, 1830 1915, Hungarian composer. * * * …   Universalium

  • Goldmark — /ˈgoʊldmak/ (say gohldmahk) noun Karl, 1830–1915, Hungarian composer …   Australian English dictionary

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